Tag Archives: Crew

Commission Day

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New Battleship – A Symbol of Might

Worldwide press

On April 9, 1941, the “world’s fightingest ship” was commissioned at 11:30 a.m., in the New York Navy Yard. The event received tremendous media attention.

Ship's Company on April 9, 1941

“The 35,000-ton battleship NORTH CAROLINA, solid, gleaming symbol of America’s awakening from a sleep naval holiday of 18 years…. 29 minutes of ceremony in dazzling sunshine formally placed in service the $70,000,000 battleship it had taken nearly four years to build.” The commissioning was four months ahead of schedule.

“As bugles blared and white-capped officers and bluejackets saluted, a pennant was run slowly up the flagstaff to show that the ship was in commission. Millions listened over the radio as the mightiest battleship afloat was put into service.”

The Young Catholic Messenger, April 25, 1941

Colors raised April 9 1941

Battleship by artist Henry Billings, April 1941

“May the NORTH CAROLINA be a symbol of progress through strength,” wrote President Roosevelt.

Commision Day Menu Navy Yard

Commission Day Graphic

Following the ceremony a buffet luncheon in the Wardroom included “NORTH CAROLINA APPLE PIE.”

Invitation to Commission

Souvenir program April 1941

April 10, 1941

“Dear Husty: It was with great pride that I sat down to my bacon and eggs this A.M. after seeing your beaming countenance griming at me from the pages of the L.A. Times. There you were aboard the new battle wagon North Carolina. I pray that your ship will never be called upon to hurl her salvos against an enemy. But, if destiny rules otherwise, I know she will more than give an excellent account of herself in upholding the glorious traditions of our Country and the Navy for which all of us who are real Americans are prepared to battle and, if needs be, die for.”

Edward Sedgwick, MGM Pictures, letter to Captain Olaf Hustvedt, commanding officer USS NORTH CAROLINA

On the cover of Newsweek April 1941

 

The New Yorker magazine April 1941

“The commissioning was a great day of excitement. All the dignitaries around and high ranking admirals. Every sailor had to be on his toes and everything was ship shape the best way it could be on board. We were all dressed in blues for photos and the commissioning. It was a great day.”

Paul Charles Wenck, Seaman 1/c

 

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Knox, Hustvedt and Broughton

“I think that the ovation that ended the celebration in New York when the ship was commissioned was a tribute to a bunch of hard working people that our shipyards were. Our sailors and men were ready to go out and do whatever had to be done to win this war. And they did it. They really did it.”

Admiral Alfred Ward, USN (Ret.)

Raising the colors April 9, 1941

Raising the colors April 9, 1941

The Ship’s Birthday over the Years

April 9 1942

 

April 1942 field day

April 1942 jamboree

1942 – Casco Bay, Maine

“The good ship U.S.S. North Carolina celebrated her first birthday anniversary in a most enjoyable manner with a big party. The day dawned bright and fair, with sufficient snap in the air to add zest to the Field Day events. The afternoon jamboree completed the day’s festivities and as the curtain fell the entire ship’s company expressed in words or actions their thanks to all. Thus was another link forged our chain of important events. When our baptismal fire is upon us, we feel certain that by such displayed unity of action our anchor of faith in our purpose will find all tried and true.”

Tarheel, April 11, 1942

1943 – Pearl Harbor

“0700 Following message was addressed to all hands – Happy Birthday NORTH CAROLINA. May we serve you as well during the coming years as you have served us during your first two years of life.”

LT(jg) Ed Gallagher, USN, in the Ship’s Deck Log

1944 – Anchored in Majuro Atoll. Mr. Howard Norton, war correspondent for The Baltimore Sun, reported aboard. In honor of the anniversary the ship’s company dined on mixed olives, sweet pickles, cream of tomato soup, croutons, roast young tom turkey, oyster dressing, baked Virginia [ham], pineapple sauce, cranberry sauce, giblet gravy, candied sweet potatoes, whipped potatoes, buttered asparagus, French peas, cardinal salad, parker house rolls, bread, butter, apple pie ala mode, coffee, oranges, apples. Cigarettes, cigars.

1945 booklet

1945 – Steaming with Task Group 58.2 operating east of Okinawa

The Ship issued a booklet highlighting bombardments, air attacks and campaigns to date with a list of the commanding and executive officers. “It is our wish that all who have contributed to our cruise be honored by this anniversary publication.”

April 10 1945

Battle of Okinawa

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Battleship Firing on Okinawa

 March 23, 1945

“Launched strikes this morning against Okinawa but had to call them off this afternoon because of bad weather. All the battleships will bombard tomorrow. We expect to bombard from 10 o’clock in the morning until 4 o’clock in the afternoon cruising at 20 knots. The battleships will leave the carriers at midnight tonight.”

Jack Lee Westphal, Seaman 1/c

March 24, 1945

“Pulled into Okinawa Jima around 08:00 and started our bombardments. WISCONSIN, MISSOURI, NEW JERSEY, INDIANA, MASSACHUSETTS, SOUTH DAKOTA, WASHINGTON AND NORTH CAROLINA all bombarded until around 16:00. We got all our targets. No shore batteries or antiaircraft fire was observed from the island. The Marines are landing tomorrow and the 10th Army around the 1st of April. I can’t understand the Japanese not fighting.”

Private George Kietzman, USMC

“Today we bombarded Okinawa Jima. Our 16-inch started at 0900 and kept it up until 1600. The noise was terrific. Only one plane came out. Can’t figure it out. Our troops are going to land the 1st.

John Lipke, USMC

Bombardment

“The new international grid system was used for the first time by this ship and found to be a definite improvement…. The aerial photographs of the target area were reproduced and distributed…however none were available of the coastline in this ship’s firing area and topside personnel had little information as to the appearance of the island prior to the approach and bombardment.”

Action Report

Turret 1 firing

“During the bombardment “a slow rate of fire with single turret salvos was employed to insure the maximum use of information received from the spotting planes.” The ship expended a total of 158 rounds for the day with firing ranges varying from 14,770 to 21,830 yards.

Shuri Castle

“Since no damage could be observed by spotting planes, after the third single turret salvo, fire was shifted to what is believed by the air spotter [LT Al Oliver] to be an antique fort.” (Action Report) Commander Oliver recalled, “I asked that we take on that complex under fire. I feared that it was being used as a hospital or was some kind of religious site. I was no higher than 1,500 feet and was able to identify what appeared to be several women and children run from the area when the first salvo hit the building.” It turned out to be Shuri Castle, the main command center for the Japanese ground forces on Okinawa.

Map of the Island

Learn more details in “Okinawa: The Last Battle,” The War in the Pacific, by Roby E. Appleman, James M. Burns, Russell A. Gugeler, and John Stevens. Historical Division, Department of the Army, 1948.

Radar

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Installation of the CXAM-1 air search radar in August 1941. It was replaced in October 1943 with the SK-2 radar. In June of 1945 two new air search radars were installed: SC-5 and the SCR-70.

Installation of the CXAM-1 air search radar in August 1941. It was replaced in October 1943 with the SK-2 radar. In June of 1945 two new air search radars were installed: SC-5 and the SCR-70.

“A group of us whose last name began with B were all assigned to the radar gang for some deep secret that only the military would know why. That was in November of 1942. Even the word radar was classified at the time. You could not reveal it stood for radio detection and ranging. We had an old set of bedsprings [CXAM] up on our foremost. The little air search radar was just a small cathode ray tube and it had no calibrations on it whatsoever. We had a little piece of scotch tape across the front of it and marked in ink were increments of 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60.

By practice and error we had no way of determining altitude…or how many there might be in a group. We could just pick up some signals coming in. That was the early radar. We were one of the few ships in the formation that was equipped with radar.

They called the new radar gang CT Division, communications technician. They didn’t know what else to do with it. Even the radar rate was the same as the radio rate except it had an arrow through it. It grew. It became more sophisticated.

You are trained to detect something that wasn’t normal. Of course, trying to determine what is clouds because the radar would pick up cloud formation and you would get a signal back. It had no speed and no direction. Prematurely we went to air defense many times at night when someone called that they had contact and didn’t.”

Everette Beaver, Radarman 2/c, attended Radar Operators School in October 1943


Jerry Johnson describes radar aboard the Battleship North Carolina.

“Radars are devices which the Allies use to detect the approach of enemy aircraft and ships, and to determine the distance (range) to the enemies’ forces. It is one of the marvels made possible by the electron tube. Radars operate through fog, storms, and darkness, as well as through cloudless skies. They are, therefore, superior to both telescopes and acoustic listening devices.”

The First Public Account of Radar in Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin, June 1943

Lowell Price Tabor seated at the air search radar after June 1945.

Lowell Price Tabor seated at the air search radar after June 1945.

“When we first went into commission [April 1941], the thought of radar was just fantastic. When you consider your antiaircraft, you are completely flatfooted until some joker drops out of the clouds. You have a different problem than if you have advanced warning as to their approach.”

LCDR John Kirkpatrick, Assistant Gunnery Officer and Air Defense Officer

Photograph of the Battleship’s guns firing during the Shakedown cruise. The CXAM radar was removed by the censors.

Photograph of the Battleship’s guns firing during the Shakedown cruise. The CXAM radar was removed by the censors.

“A second class radioman by the name of [Adam] Miller was the most experienced and the best qualified operator of this radar. He sat on a stool facing the console. He was superb in his ability to look at the A scope of that radar and interpret all those strange flickers of light. He could distinguish carriers from battleships and cruisers from destroyers. He was a real pro at radar navigation. He was the eyes of the ship in many dark and dangerous situations.”

LT Ben Blee, Combat Intelligence Officer and Assistant CIC Officer

The Combat Information Center crew, 1945. Jerry Johnson and Everette Beaver are in the photo.

The Combat Information Center crew, 1945. Jerry Johnson and Everette Beaver are in the photo.

“We had no idea what radar really was. I had visualized it when I first heard about it as sort of like a modern television screen. The first thing my boss told me in London, ‘what do you know about radar?’ I said, ‘nothing.’ The British called it RDF for disguise purposes. The school at Portsmouth was for fleet officers who would be exposed to search radars, fire control radars. And they started right from the push-pull vacuum tubes right up on through the circuit. You weren’t supposed to become an expert repairman or technician but it was just enough background so that you not only later learned what radar could do but had some idea of how and why.”

Rear Admiral Thomas Howard Morton (CDR Morton, gunnery officer on BB55)

Recruiting booklet for a Radio Technician, 1945. It was “one of the war’s newest and most exciting developments.”

Recruiting booklet for a Radio Technician, 1945. It was “one of the war’s newest and most exciting developments.”